Why are data collected on expenditures instead of allocations?
Expenditures (disbursements) indicate what is actually spent on population and AIDS activities, while allocations (commitments) suggest what might be spent on population and AIDS activities. As the RF projects aims to track the actual amount which has been spent on population activities, expenditures are used since these give a better indication of resource flows to population and AIDS activities.
How is international assistance to developing countries and countries in transition measured?
The Resource Flows survey consists of two complementary questionnaires: one for donors and one for developing countries and countries in transition. Data on donor expenditures for population and AIDS activities are collected through a donor survey. For donor governments, data is extracted from the OECD/DAC Creditor Reporting System, while the questionnaire is used to collect additional information not available from the CRS. The survey on developing countries and countries in transition is used to collect data on domestic funding for population and AIDS activities. Both surveys are conducted annually.
Which financial flows are included?
International assistance and expenditures for population and AIDS activities provided by bilateral and multilateral donors, private foundations, international NGOs and domestic government- and NGO-expenditures in developing countries and countries in transition are included. Expenditures are collected based on grants, and funding in the form of loans is excluded, with the exception of development banks, for which expenditures on loans are included.
What is “population and AIDS activities” for the RF project?
The definition of population and AIDS activities used in the RF project covers the “costed- population package” mentioned in paragraph 13.14 of the ICPD Programme of Action and the key targets set out in the UNGASS Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS. The term “population and AIDS activities” includes the following four categories:
- family planning services;
- basic reproductive health services;
- STD and HIV/AIDS activities (including prevention, care/treatment, and support/social mitigation);
- basic research, data and population and development policy analysis.
Why are data collected at project/programme level?
Project/programme level information allows the RF team to check the data for accuracy and avoid double counting. Projects/programmes may be reported twice e.g. by a donor country government and by an international NGO. Collecting data at project level also has the advantage that data is available at a very detailed level, so it is possible to track specifically to which country, through which channel and to which population category funding is going.