The Resource Flows project was established in 1997 and is a joint collaboration between the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and the Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute (NIDI). The aim of the project is to monitor global financial flows for population and AIDS activities through data collection and reporting on international population assistance and domestic expenditures for population activities in developing countries and countries in transition.
The project originated in response to the Programme of Action agreed upon at the Cairo International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD, 1994) and is reinforced by the Declaration of Commitment developed at the United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS (UNGASS, 2001). The two conferences outlined the financial resources required to address population and AIDS issues world-wide and committed the international community to these requirements.
As capacity building is an important aim of this project, several activities mainly related to domestic data collection and processing are carried out by outsourcing partners. In 2005, the Indian Institute of Health Management Research (IIHMR) in Jaipur, India joined the project. IIHMR's main responsibility is to collect and process data from domestic countries, to check the data for consistency and quality, and to follow up with domestic respondents. The outsourcing capacity was further extended in 2010 when the African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC) in Nairobi, Kenya joined as well.